Publishing Ethics Statement


a.     All research and references must be properly cited.

b.     All sources of financial support for research connected to a paper must be acknowledged on publication.

c.     Plagiarism and the willful use of fraudulent data are prohibited.

d.     Wayne State University Press journals should not be used to publish research that has previously appeared in other publications.


a.     Authors must submit their work to the journal’s peer review process. They will have the opportunity to suggest reviewers for their submissions or to alert editors if they believe particular scholars would not be appropriate reviewers for the paper in question.

b.     All authors listed on a paper must have made substantive contributions to the research and writing of the paper.

c.     Authors must certify that all data cited in the article are, to the best of their knowledge, real, accurate, and authentic.

d.     If a mistake is discovered in a published paper, the author(s) must provide a retraction, correction, or apology, as appropriate.


a.     All judgments should be made objectively with no regard to any knowledge the reviewer might have of the author(s) in question, including gender, sexual orientation, religious/political beliefs, or ethnic/geographical background.

b.     Reviewers must disclose to the editor(s) any potential conflicts of interest regarding the papers they are asked to referee, including concerns related to funding or personal objections to the material in question.

c.     Reviewers must alert the editor(s) to any similar or related work already published, which is not cited in the paper in question.

d.    Reviewers should treat papers under review as confidential materials. They must not discuss, distribute, or in any way retain copies of papers reviewed.


a.     Editors have final authority to accept or reject a submission, including “desk rejections.”

b.     Editors must make available a mechanism by which an author may appeal the initial publication decision.

c.      Editors are responsible for recognizing any potential conflict of interest with regard to a submission (including positive or negative knowledge of / relationships with authors or their affiliated institutions and issues regarding funding) and should take appropriate action to ensure that these conflicts do not affect a submission’s acceptance or rejection.

d.     Acceptance of a paper implies confidence in and certainty (to the greatest extent possible) of the validity of the research contained therein.

e.     If a material error is discovered in a published paper, the editor will see to it that a retraction, correction, or apology, as appropriate and feasible, is published promptly.

f.      It is the editor’s responsibility to ensure that the review process is single- or double-anonymous (depending on the individual journal’s policy), and to protect both authors’ and reviewers’ identities.